Gout : Diagnosis, Risk factors and diet plan

What is Gout

Gout is inflammatory arthritis that develops as a result of high uric acid levels in the body. Uric acid is a waste material resulting from the breakdown of purines. Purines are part of all human tissues and are found in many foods especially those high in protein.

If there is hyperuricemia (high levels of uric acid in the blood), it means that uric acid is overly produced or not excreted in the body. This excess uric acid can accumulate, crystalize and then deposit in certain joints. It deposits most commonly in the big toe, and this can lead to an attack of inflammation.

This inflammation causes sudden, severe pain, tenderness, redness and swelling in the affected joints which can last for a few days if untreated. The higher the level of the uric acid, the greater the incidence of gout. 


Gout diagnosis includes heaving an acute joint swelling, demonstration of elevated uric acid levels in the blood. And detection of uric acid crystals in affected joints through joint aspiration.

What is joint aspiration for gout

A joint aspiration is a procedure that obtains fluid from the swollen joints. This fluid is then analyse if there are any uric acid crystals. This is confirmatory for gout and can help exclude other possible causes for joint swelling, such as infection. At the same time when we remove the fluid, steroids can also be given into the joint itself to resolve the attack of swelling much more rapidly. Removal of fluid as well relieves the joint.

Risk factors

Are there any risk factors for gout? the answer is yes. These are essential risk factors or causes for elevated uric acid levels.

The first one is diet. Eating foods high in purine content such as high fructose corn syrup containing foods, meats and seafood. Alcohol can also increase uric acid levels and lead to gout. 

Gender and age are another risk factors. Men tend to have higher uric acid levels and develop gout at an earlier age than women. Women tend to develop gout after menopause, due to the protective effect of estrogen. 

Ethnicity and family history is also a risk factor. Studies have shown that hyperuricemia is highly hereditable. If family members have gout, you are more likely to develop it. 

Obesity and other medical comorbidities are risk factors. Medical conditions like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney issues tend to accompany gout. These conditions can all increase the risk of high uric acid levels as well as tend to decrease the clearance of uric acid through the kidneys. 

A serum uric acid level above 6.8 milligrams per deciliter is also known as hyperuricemia.

How to better manage your gout

  1. Take your medications as prescribed. 
  2. Do not stop your medications without telling your doctor. 
  3. Check your uric acid levels twice a year.
  4. The goal should be a uric acid level below 6 milligrams per deciliter.
  5. Maintain healthy body weight. Someone at an ideal body weight is at lower risk of gout.
  6. Get regular exercise. Exercise 30 minutes a daily for at least 5 days of the week. You do not have to join a gym for this. good walking can do better for you. 
  7. Drink plenty of water. Water may help remove your uric acid from your bloodstream. 
  8. Stay away from drinks made from high fructose corn syrup.
  9. Maintain a healthy and balanced diet. eat foods that are low in purines.

Gout attacks can come on suddenly and result in a very painful, red, swollen joint. It is important to understand what factors can put you at risk for this condition. As well as how to manage your gout attacks a little better. 

The gout diet

A gout diet is basically the same as a balanced healthy diet. If you are overweight, you increase the risk of developing gout. Losing weight will help lower your risk. 

  • Try to eat more complex carbohydrates rather than more processed foods. 
  • Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Avoid foods such as white bread, cake, candy, soda and drinks with high fructose corn syrup.
  • Cut back on saturated fats from red meats, fatty poultry and high-fat dairy products. 
  • Drink plenty of water. Increasing the amount of water you drink may help lower the numbers of gout attacks you have. Drink eight to 16 cups of fluid a day and half of that should be water. 
  • Eat only 4 to 6 ounces (113 to 170 grams) of lean meat, fish or poultry a day. You can get additional protein from low fat or fat-free dairy products, beans and nuts.
  • Low-fat dairy products like yoghurt and skim milk are linked to lower uric acid levels. Low-fat yoghurt can be very satisfying as a mid-afternoon snack. 
  • While some vegetables are high in purines, they do not raise the risk of gout attacks. Your diet should contain lots of fruit and vegetables. Try vegetables raw and cooked. there are a number of vegetables that make a great snack.

There are certain foods you should avoid

  • Stay away from meats such as liver and kidney. They are high in purine.
  • Stay away from oily fish such as sardines, trout, paddock, mackerel and tuna.
  • You should also avoid shellfish like mussels, shrimps, lobsters and crab. 
  • Avoid all alcohol if you have frequent gout attacks or your gout is not under control.
  • Stay away from beer. beer is known to put you at a higher risk of gout attacks.
  • Whiskey and other hard liquors may be linked to gout attacks but not as much as beer. Wine may be a better choice but you should discuss this with your doctor. 

In short, there is evidence that following a well balanced diet can decrease your risk of gout attacks. Always keep in mind that a well balanced diet does not mean that it takes the place of your medications. 1



11 habits that damage your immune system

What is immune system

The immune system is our body’s number one defence mechanism. It protects us from various types of bacteria, viruses and other disease-causing pathogens.

Our immunity and our health are directly related. The stronger the immune system, the more protection you have against colds, viruses and other illnesses that can attack your body. On the other hand, a weak immunity can make you more vulnerable to frequent colds, sinus infection and slow wound healing as well as causing anaemia, fatigue and lethargy.

it is a quite surperising fact that many common daily habits harm our immune system. In fact, most of our habits directly impact our immune system. To keep our immune system strong, it is important to adopt healthy habits and quit the bad ones. Let’s take a look at the top 11 everyday habits that directly harm our immune system.

These 11 habits are following :

1. Being a night owl

If you work late nights or like watching television or doing projects late into the night, you may have weak immunity. Poor sleep habits lower the immune system functioning and reduce the level of white blood cells that fight germs. Sleep deprivation also reduces the production of protective cytokines. While you sleep, your immune system releases different types of cytokines and help to protect your body against infections and diseases. If you are sleep deprived, their production decrease significantly.

2. Avoid skipping on sleep

Develop proper sleep hygiene. Be in the bed at a fixed time every night and try to wake up at the same time every morning. Insomnia is also a factor which affects our immune system. Be sure to get seven to nine hours of good quality sleep every night.

3. Excessive sugar intake

If you often eat or drink something sweet to satisfy your craving, you can suffer from weak immunity. Refined sugar can reduce the capability of white blood cells to kill germs. Sugar actually prevents vitamin C from getting into the white blood cells resulting in weakened immunity. Interestingly the immune-suppressing effects of sugar start within 30 minutes after ingestion and may last for many hours. If you need to eat something sweet, go for fruits like oranges, apples, mangoes, watermelons and other that contain natural sugars to satisfy your cravings. Vitamin C in these fruits will also help your immune system to work in a more efficient manner.

4. Excessive alcohol consumption

The benefits that a daily glass of wine can contribute to cardiovascular health is scientifically proven. But excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages can throw away all the benefits of moderate consumption. In addition, not all alcoholic beverages have the same benefits of wine. Many have a high alcohol level that our body can not metabolise which depress the ability of the immune system. Also, excessive alcohol consumption reduces the number of white blood cells, slows down digestive activity and overload liver work reducing its ability to store vitamins. All these factors contribute to the poor immunity in alcoholics.

5. Smoking

Some alcoholic beverages can be acceptable in a controlled amount. But in the case of tobacco, there is no limit allowed. Cigarettes contain more than 250 highly harmful substances. Some out of these are considered poisonous such as ammonia, arsenic, nicotine and toluene. The human body is not made to process chemicals as potent and devastating as those contained in the cigarettes. Slowly, smoking affects all systems of the human body and the immune system is no exception.

6. Consuming too much caffeine

Drinking too much coffee and other caffeinated beverages is also lower our immunity. Excessive caffeine stimulates your system by increasing the tension level of the body. A high-stress level causes the release of stress hormones like cortisol. Cortisol suppress our immune system and make us more prone to infections and other health problems. Elevated cortisol also linked to health issues related to the heart, blood sugar and high cholesterol. When taken in moderation, coffee provides many health benefits like increased alertness, mood and energy. So limit yourself to just one to two cups of coffee per day.

7. Eating junk food

Eating junk food in excess can be bad for your immunity. Junk food is usually high in fat and eating excess fat is the main reasons behind obesity. A diet high in saturated fats can harm the immune system even before the weight begins to show. Obesity can affect the ability of white blood cells to multiply and produce antibodies. Thus making you more prone to infections. So cut down on fast food and choose a healthy diet instead.

8. Inadequate intake of water

The human body is mostly made of water. In every cell of our body, water performs numerous functions. If you don’t drink enough water to replenish what your body needs, it will surely affect your immune system. Proper hydration is essential for building stronger immunity. A healthy person should drink about eight to ten glasses of water per day. however, the amount of water you drink may depend upon the climate in which you live, how physically active you are and your overall health.

9. Sedentary lifestyle

Lack of regular physical activity is harmful in every way for the body. The sedentary lifestyle literally makes the immune system sleep. Engaging in any sport or some form of physical exercise activates it to fight viral and bacterial infections. Physical exercise decreases the possibility of suffering from chronic diseases such as osteoporosis, arthritis or heart disease. Exercise reduces stress and increases the production of antibodies and white blood cells. On the other hand, when we work out, our body temperature rises. This elevation of body temperature reduces the possibility of bacterial growth on your body. Physical activity is essential for building a stronger immunity and there is no doubt about it.

10. Excessive exercise

As we told you earlier that exercise helps to enhance our immunity. But excessive exercise lowers our immunity. Our body has a fixed limit. If we attempt to push it beyond its physical limits, it stops functioning correctly. Your immune system also stops responding efficiently and you fall prey to infections easily.

Researches show that over 90 minutes of high-intensity exercise can build you more vulnerable to illness for up to 72 hours after the exercise session. Intense exercise seems to cause a short term decrease in immune function.

During these intense workout periods, the body produces certain hormones that temporarily lower the immunity. Cortisol and adrenaline are stress hormones perform numerous important functions in our body. But they also raise blood pressure and cholesterol levels and also suppress the immune system.

Always make sure that you’re taking proper rest and don’t overwork yourself. The heavy long run exercise like marathon running and intense gym training has been proven to lower your immunity and reduce the ability to fight viral infections.

11. Poor social relation

Believe it or not, avoiding people or human connections may also affect your immunity. Social relationships, both the quantity and quality affect our mental state which affects our health behaviour and indirect affects our immunity also .

Those who have poor social relations usually run a minimum of twice the chance of serious illnesses and premature death compared to the people that have good social relations. If you wish to be healthier, you can’t avoid people .1Believe it or not, our body is desighned to be a part of the society. Putting time and efforts into positively interacting with others will inevitably bring you a lot health benefits.

Don’t Go to Sleep? Here are 5 Easy Ways to Get Rid of it

it happens with most of us everyday that we want to sleep but we didn’t. If you ask this question to medical science, then you may suffer from insomnia. Insomnia is common now-a-days due to our tense lifestyle. So, let’s take a look about causes of why you don’t go to sleep.

What is insomnia

Insomnia is a condition in which you feel trouble with falling asleep. In insomnia, you don’t go to sleep even if you have the opportunity of sleeping full night. It can happen to you even if your weather conditions are in favour.

Some people with insomnia have trouble falling asleep while some other wakeup throughout the night. These disturbances typically happen at least three times a week.

Acute insomnia lasts shorter than a month whereas chronic insomnia lasts over a month. Insomnia affects both the quality and quantity of sleep which causes daytime sleepiness and fatigue. If you don’t go to sleep, it can lead to professional and personnel problems, as well as day to day challenges like falling asleep while driving.

If we go by the definition of insomnia, we divide the night sleep into three parts. In other words, insomnia has three types of symptoms:

  • First is not having proper sleep. If we don’t go to sleep in one to two hours after going to bed. Or it is simply called the delay in sleep.
  • Another type of insomnia is when we sleep for a short time and then wake up. Or it is a condition when we complete our sleep in 3 to 4 short sleep cycles.
  • When we woke up early in the morning without any alarm or having proper sleep.

The above written symptoms appear in the night. If the problem stops here, we call it just the lack of sleep. But insomnia is when these symptoms appear in the daytime also. The daytime symptoms of insomnia are tiredness, headache, changes in mood, irritation, not able to concentrate etc.

Causes of insomnia (why you don’t go to sleep)

Insomnia can happen from any underlying cause. it can even accompany and worsen other problems like pulmonary disease, psychiatric conditions, and an entire sort of conditions that may cause pain.

  1. If you are facing any health-related problem from a very long time like the joint problem, backache, lungs problem, heart problem etc, then it may cause you sleeplessness.
  2. If you are taking any kind of medicine which have an alerting effect on our brain and body.
  3. Our daily routine or our lifestyle is also a major cause of insomnia. Our habit of staying up late at night or use of electronic gadgets also cause sleeplessness.
  4. Insomnia is also a common side effect of stimulants like caffeine, as well as depressants like alcohol which can both disrupt the sleep cycle.
  5. Smoking is also a cause of insomnia.
  6. Finally and most typically, insomnia may be the consequence of daily stresses from work or relationships additionally as environmental factors like having a job during an evening shift.

Biological factors related why you don’t go to sleep

There are variety of biological factors related why you don’t go to sleep. Studies have shown that people with insomnia might have a heightened level of the stress hormone cortisol. It plays a role in the process of waking every morning.

People with insomnia are more sensitive to the effect of cortisol. Typically they wake up at a far lower level of cortisol as compared to the common population. In addition, insomnia is also associated with a reduced level of estrogen and reduced levels of progesterone. It can happen during menopause.

Commonly, individuals with insomnia will self medicate with alcohol and benzodiazepines, both of which might be extremely dangerous.

Alcohol abuse can cause variety of physical and psychological changes which will rapidly worsen the sleep-wake cycle and cause dependence. Similarly, benzodiazepine, especially short-acting ones, also can create dependence and have a high abuse potential. they may actually worsen insomnia if someone tries to give a pause using them.

Also read: 11 habits that damage your immune system

Treatment (Easy ways to get rid of it)

There are many ways to cure insomnia. They are as follow:

1. Good sleep hygiene

One method of treatment is getting good sleep hygiene, which involves getting to sleep and awakening a similar time each day including weekends, getting good exercise (but not right before bed), reducing alcohol intake, avoiding daytime naps, avoiding caffeine and smoking in the evening, and not going to sleep hungry.

2. Stimulus control

Another potential treatment is stimulus control which comprises using the bed only to sleep instead of an area from which to watch television, text, or talk on the phone. It also helps to keep the environment calm. It also help in sleep faster by removing bright lights like a computer or phone screen and minimizing noise. Sometimes, though, these are unavoidable in which case eye covers and earplug can definitely help.

3. Drinking water cycle

Avoid drinking water after 5 pm. If you drink water afternoon, then it may cause pressure on your kidney. You feel a continuous urge to pee again and again. This urine pressure can cause trouble with your stomach. Due to which, your brain send a signal to you to go to the toilet. Thus frequent urination also disturbs your sleep cycle.

4. Chamomile tea and yoga


If you tried above ways and still don’t go to sleep, then you can drink chamomile tea before going to bed. And make sure that your bedroom light should not be very bright. Use a dim light lamp in your bedroom. Practice yoga daily and make it your lifestyle. (1)

5. Behavioural therapy

Also for treatment, there is behaviour therapy, which includes relaxation techniques as well as cognitive behavioural therapy to help better manage problems and life stressors.

while you practice these techniques, your doctor may advice you some medications also. These medications are such as melatonin agonists, non-benzodiazepine sedatives, and occasionally benzodiazepines might be prescribed to help with sleep. These medications can often have side effects. (1) That is why they are generally used for fewer than two months, usually together with behavioural therapy techniques.

5 Most Important Nutrients for healthy eyes

List of 7 nutrient for healthy eyes

1. Vitamin A

Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient for healthy eyes. Our body doesn’t make it. So we should need to take it from food. Our body stored vitamin A in the liver until it required by the body.

It also helps in maintaining healthy eyes, teeth, skeletal and soft tissue, mucus membrane, and skin.

The scientific name of Vitamin A is Retinol because it produces the pigmentation in the retina in the eyes.

Food Rich in Vitamin A

Vegetarian Source

Vitamin A Per 100g
1. Carrots852 μg
2. Sweet potato961 μg
3. Broccoli77 μg
4. Spinach524 μg

Non-vegetarian source

Vitamin APer 100g
1. Beef liver9442 mcg
2. Liver sausage8384 mcg
3. Cod liver oil30000 mcg
4. King mackerel252 mcg
5. Salmon149 mcg

2. Omega 3

Omega 3 Fatty acids are the “building blocks” of fat. These essential nutrients are critical for the production and functioning of cells, muscles, nerves, and organs and maintaining healthy eyes.

Omega 3 is required for the production of hormone-like compounds that help regulate blood pressure, heart rate, and blood clotting.

Several studies show that omega-3 fatty acids may help protect adult eyes from macular degeneration and dry eye syndrome.
In a recent study of dry eyes induced in mice, omega-3 fatty acid ALA led to a significant decrease in dry eye signs and inflammation associated with dry eye.

Food Rich In Omega 3

Vegetarian source

Omega 3Per 100g
1. Flax seed22813 mg
2. Walnut9080 mg
3. Chia seed17830 mg
4. Avocado111 mg

Non-vegetarian source

Omega 3Per 100g
1. Salmon2260 mg
2. Herring2366 mg
3. Mackerel5134 mg
4. Sardines2205 mg
5. Oyesters435 mg

3. Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin and a powerful antioxidant. It is essential for healthy eyes.

this is required for the production of collagen, a protein that provides structure to your eye, particularly in the cornea and sclera.

Several observational studies suggest that vitamin C may help lower your risk of developing cataracts, a condition that causes your eye to become cloudy and impairs vision.

Some studies suggest that long-term consumption of vitamin C also may reduce the risk of forming a cataract and vision loss from macular degeneration.

The research into taking this nutrient for cataracts shows that 300 mg daily is the minimum to prevent cataracts.

Food Rich In Omega 3

Vegetarian source

Vitamin C Per 100g
1. kiwi fruit93 mg
2. Guava228 mg
3. Strawberries59 mg
4. Papaya61 mg
5. Orange53 mg
6. Broccoli89 mg

4. Vitamin E

Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant. It is a fat-soluble vitamin. It may help protect your cells from free Radicles.

A 2014 review looked at studies linking vitamin E to the prevention of cataracts.

Some studies found that lens clarity was better in people who took vitamin E supplements

Food Rich In Vitamin E

Vegetarian source

Vitamin EPer 100g
1. Sunflower seeds36 mg
2. Almonds26 mg
3. Peanuts5 mg
4. Avocado2 mg

Non-vegetarian source

Vitamin EPer 100g
1. Rainbow trout2.8 mg
2. Abalone4 mg
3. Snail5 mg
4. Octopus1 mg

5. Zinc

Zinc is a trace mineral. It is essential for healthy eyes, immune system, brain, and other body parts.

It plays a vital role in bringing vitamin A from the liver to the retina to produce melanin, a protective pigment in the eyes.

The recommended daily dose of zinc needed in your daily diet is 8 milligrams per day for women and 11 milligrams per day for men.

Food Rich In Zinc

Vegetarian Source

ZincPer 100g
1. Oatmeal1 mg
2. Low-fat yogurt1 mg
3. Hemp seeds10 mg
4. Shiitake mushroom1 mg

Non-Vegetarian Source

ZincPer 100g
1. Oyster61 mg
2. Chicken2 mg
3. Beef12.3 mg

Feeding tube insertion (gastrostomy)

what is a feeding tube

A feeding tube could be a tool which is inserted into your stomach through your abdomen. Gastrostomy is performed because a patient temporarily or permanently troubles in eating and must be fed directly through a tube within the stomach.

A g-tube is meant to provide nutrition if you have got trouble eating. Feeding tube insertion is additionally called percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD), and G-tube insertion.

Types of G-tube

There are different varieties of Gastrostomy tubes which can be aware of aid you. Though each patient features a different medical condition, therefore the sort of tube selected depends thereon . Your doctor will determine the foremost effective quite G-tube for you and explain this thoroughly at the time of the evaluation.

A gastrostomy tube often called a G-tube, may be a device surgically placed device to offer direct access to your stomach for supplemental feeding, hydration or medication.

Below are two of the foremost common sorts of G-tubes :

One of the foremost common sorts of G-tubes is understood as a low-profile tube sometimes called a “button”. this sort of tube lays on top of the inner wall of the stomach and is kept at a spot within the stomach by a water-filled balloon. During your hospital admission, you’ll learn the way to use, clean and lookout of the G-tube. It creates a path to the stomach so nutrition and medications could also be administered directly. Most tubes have a water-filled balloon which helps keep the tube securely in position within the stomach.

Sometimes an extended tube is used instead of the low-profile button. These longer tubes are also surgically placed into the stomach and held in position with either stitches or a water-filled balloon. Sometimes a Hollister dressing is kept at the region around an extended tube. A Hollister dressing which may be a large circular dressing that allows the tube to stay in position with a ziplock-type device.

Why G-tube is used

G-tubes are used for a variety of medical conditions, but the foremost common use is for feedings to spice up your nutrition.

When an indvidual is unable to eat enough food orally, a G-tube helps deliver enough calories and nutrients to support their growth.

This treatment is reserved for the time once you’ve got trouble eating on your own.

Conditions which will cause you to have trouble eating include:

  • burns
  • cerebral pulsy
  • stroke
  • dementia
  • motor neuron disease

A gastrostomy tube is inserted because:

 • When a person cannot swallow correctly

• People that cannot take enough food orally to stay healthy

• Difficulty swallowing or keeping food down.

• If you aren’t getting enough nutrition or fluids orally.

Gastrostomy is performed because a patient temporarily or permanently must be fed directly through a tube within the stomach. Gastrostomy is additionally performed to provide drainage for the stomach when it is necessary to bypass a long-standing obstruction of the stomach outlet into the small intestine. Obstructions could even be caused by peptic ulcer scarring or a tumor.

Gastrostomy is additionally performed to supply drainage for the stomach when it’s necessary to bypass a longstanding obstruction of the stomach outlet into the tiny intestine. Obstructions could also be caused by peptic ulceration scarring or a tumor.

How to place the feeding tube

Gastrostomy, also called gastrostomy tube (g-tube) insertion, is surgery performed to offer an external opening into the stomach. Surgery is performed either when the patient is under general anaesthesia or local anaesthesia . generally anesthesia, the patient feels as if he or she is during a deep sleep and has no awareness of what’s happening. under local anaesthesia , the patient is awake, but the a part of the body cut during the operation is numbed.

The procedure to put the gastrostomy tube is usually a fast one, and should or might not require anesthesia counting on your condition.

Fitting the gastrostomy tube or g-tube usually requires a brief surgery that lasts about half-hour . During the surgery, a hole (stoma) about the diameter of a little pencil is cut within the skin and into the stomach; the stomach is then carefully attached to the wall . The g-tube is then fitted into the stoma. it’s a special tube held in situ by a disc or a water-filled balloon that features a valve inside allowing food to enter, but nothing to return out.

how the g-tube hole is made

The hole may be made using two different methods.

The first uses a tube called an endoscope that features a light at the tip, which is inserted into the mouth and fed down the gullet (esophagus) into the stomach. The brightness shines through the skin, showing the surgeon where to perform the incision. The endoscope may be a long thin instrument with a bright small lamp and a camera on the tip that enables the provider to observe the procedure on a monitor.

The other procedure doesn’t use an endoscope. Instead, a tiny incision is created on the left side of the abdomen. A little flexible hollow tube, usually made from polyvinylchloride or rubber, is inserted into the stomach. The stomach is stitched closely round the g- tube, and therefore the incision is closed.

The outside portion of the gastrostomy tube contains a cap that enables the tube to be opened, and for food and fluids to be gently pushed through the tube into the stomach. With good tube care, the incision will close more tightly at area around the tube, and any leaking of food or fluid that happens within the days immediately following the procedure should be minimized with healing.

The length of duration the patient has to remain at the hospital depends on the age of the patient and therefore the patient’s general health. In some cases, the hospital stay may be as short as a single day day, but often is longer. Normally the healing process takes five to seven days.

Before the procedure

Before the procedure, you are required to get rid of any jewelry or dentures. You’re then given an anesthetic and something to alleviate pain. After laying you on your back, your doctor places the endoscope in your mouth and takes it down to your easophegus. The camera helps the doctor visualize your stomach lining to make sure that the feeding tube is positioned properly. When your doctor can see your stomach, they create small incision in your abdomen. After that, they insert the tube through the opening. They then secure the tube and place a sterile dressing round the site. There could also be a bit drainage of bodily fluids, like blood or pus, from the wound.

You will be provided a sedative and a painkiller. In most cases, these medicines are given through a vein in your arm. You ought to feel no pain and not remember the procedure. Numbing medicine could also be sprayed into your mouth to stop the urge to cough or gag when the endoscope is inserted. A mouth guard is also inserted to guard your teeth and also the endoscope. The entire procedure usually lasts about an hour.

After the operation

Immediately after the operation, the patient is fed intravenously for a minimum of 24 hours. Once bowel sounds are heard, indicating that the digestive system is functioning , the patient can begin clear liquid feedings through the gastrostomy tube. The amount of the feedings is gradually increased.

Your doctors will check you deeply if there are any signs of infection, bleeding, or other complications.

The feeding tube is applied a tape to make it stick to your stomach. You would possibly see some drainage around it for the starting day or two. A sterile gauze will cover your cut, and your nurse will change the dressing as required . Once the dressing comes off and your wound has healed, you’ll required to wash the region daily with soap and water.

Your abdomen could feel a small amount of soreness for a few of days where the tube went in. It would feel like a pulled muscle. Your doctor will offer you pain medicines for the primary day after the surgery.

Feeling pain for a couple of days round the place where the incision was made is normal. you have to ensure to keep the region dry and clean to avoid skin irritation or infection.

Risk factors

There are few risks related to this surgery. The critial complications are infection, bleeding, dislodgment of the g-tube, stomach bloating, nausea, and diarrhea.

Excessive bleeding and infection are risks whenever you have got surgery, even with a minor procedure like a feeding tube insertion.

Gastrostomy is relatively simple procedure. Like any surgery, however, patients are more likely to experience complications if they’re smokers, obese, use alcohol heavily, or use illicit drugs. Additionally , some prescription medications may increase risks related to anesthesia.

In case of a child

First ensure that your child is sitting up either in your arms or in high chair.

If your child fusses or cries while feeding, pinch the tube with the help of your fingers to prevent the feeding until your child is more calm and quiet.

Feeding time may be a social, happy time. Make it pleasant and fun. Your child will enjoy a mild talk and play.

avoid your child to keep pulling the tube.

Since your child isn’t using their mouth yet, your provider will seek advice from you other ways to permit your child to suck and develop mouth and jaw muscles.

When to consult a doctor

Before you are allowed to leave the hospital or clinic, be sure that you understand the way to take care of your feeding tube and when you need to see or contact a doctor. you must call your doctor if :

  • The tube comes out or gets dislodged
  • Food won’t go through the tube
  • If the tube is blocked
  • You notice bleeding on area around the tube insertion site
  • You have drainage round the site after several days
  • You have signs and symptoms of an infection, including redness, swelling, or a fever

What is Spirulina? | Health benefits of Spirulina

Spirulina is among the world’s best supplements.

Research suggests that it contains various nutrients, antioxidants and inflammation-fighting properties which may benefit your body and brain.

It is a natural “algae” powder that’s incredibly high in protein and a decent source of antioxidants, B-vitamins and other nutrients and an excellent source of vegan protein.

It an excellent supplement for people on vegetarian or vegan diets.

When harvested correctly from non-contaminated ponds and water bodies, it’s one among the foremost potent nutrient sources available.

It is a type of Cyanobacteria that contains a variety of nutrients, including B vitamins, beta-carotene, and vitamin E.

The high concentration of protein and iron also makes it ideal during pregnancy, after surgery, or anytime our body needs immune recovery.

Health Benefits Of Spirulina

These are five health benefit of Spirulina

1. Most Nutrient Dense Food

It was consumed by the traditional Aztecs but became popular again when NASA proposed that it can be grown in space to be used by astronauts.

A standard dose of Spirulina is 1–3 grams per day, but doses of up to 10 grams per day are used effectively.

Spirulina contains excellent quality of protein as excellent as eggs. It has all the essential amino acids that your body needs.

It also contains vitamins B-6, A, and K, Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate, and 

Taking this, as a part of a diet, may help an individual to stay well-nourished.

The Proper concentration of protein and vitamins in Spirulina make it most nutrient-dense food on the earth

• Protein: it’s considered an excellent source of high-quality protein and is usually compared to eggs for the quantity of protein per gram. 

• Vitamin B1: Also called Thiamin, this vitamin is vital for the digestion of fats and proteins. It’s often taken for increased energy, eye health, brain function and for improving nerve functioning.

• Iron: It could be a perfect food for vegetarians and vegans because it’s one among the purest plant sources of iron. Even for people who consume meat, it’s a highly absorbable type of metal that’s gentle on the gastrointestinal system.

• Calcium: It is additionally incredibly high in calcium with over 26 times the calcium in milk.

It includes vitamins B1, B2, and B3, iron, magnesium, and potassium. Studies show it is one of the most nutrient-dense foods. There’s, qualifying it for full-blown superfood status. But research also says that not all Spirulina has an equivalent amount of benefits. Some of its sources are better than others.

2. Powerful Antioxidant

It is an incredible source of antioxidants, which may protect against oxidative damage.

Oxidative damage can drive chronic inflammation, which contributes to cancer and other diseases.

Its main active component is termed phycocyanin. This substance also gives Spirulina its unique blue-green colour.

Phycocyanin can fight with free radicals and inhibit the production of inflammatory signalling molecules, providing impressive antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

Due to decades of research, many folks understand the importance of consuming enough antioxidants from natural sources, and Spirulina may be a great choice.

It was tested by an independent laboratory and found an ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) of over 24,000, which is 4x the ORAC score of blueberries. The ORAC score usually helps to measure antioxidant ability and concentration in various foods.

3. Helps In Fighting Allergies

Allergic rhinitis is triggered environmental allergens by pollen, animal hair, wheat dust and cause itching in your nasal pathway

It is a popular alternative treatment for symptoms of allergic rhinitis, and there’s evidence that it may be useful.

When someone has allergies to pollen, dust, or pets, the inner part of their nose may swell. There’s some evidence that Spirulina could help improve the symptoms of this condition

A 2011 study shows that there is a decent amount of evidence for the positive effects of Spirulina on allergic rhinitis, but that more extensive trials are needed before researchers know actuality impact.

According to 2013 study Spirulina can relieve nasal inflammation and reduce histamine within the body. Compared to a placebo.

4. Lowers Blood Pressure

High blood pressure may be the primary driver of hundreds of serious diseases, including chronic kidney disease, heart attacks, strokes.

While 1 gram of Spirulina is less effective, a dose of 4.5 grams per day has been shown to lower blood pressure in individuals with normal levels.

This reduction is assumed to be driven by increased production of nitric oxide, a signalling molecule that helps your blood vessels relax and dilate.

A small-scale 2016 study found that eating Spirulina regularly for three months reduces blood pressure of the body after they were overweight and had hypertension.

Spirulina increases the production of nitric oxide in the body, That way, blood flows more smoothly, and therefore the heart doesn’t need to work as hard.

5. Promote Hair Growth

Spirulina contains vitamins A, B5, and B8, β-carotene, manganese, and zinc. These all have properties known to regrow damaged hair and promote regrowth, and it also limits hair loss and white hairs. They also make hair smoother and shinier.

Health Benefits Of Avocado

Avocados are one of the most nutrient-rich, delightful, and satisfying food on the planet.

It contains anti-ageing properties, disease-fighting antioxidants, and nearly 20 different vitamins and minerals.

They have a high-fats content and is yet considered as one of the healthiest fruits you may add in your diet. This ‘fatty’ fruit can even promote weight loss because they are loaded with healthy monounsaturated oils (MUFA). It is the only fruit that provides the right amount of healthy monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA).

Health benefit of avocado:-

Here are some health benefits.

1. Nutrient Dense

Avocados are an excellent source of vitamins B6, C, E, and K as well as riboflavin, niacin, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, and potassium.

They are a good source of healthy fats. Eating regularly improve skin health enhances the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients, and may even help boost the immune system.

2. Anti-inflammatory Properties

Avocados contain anti-inflammatory properties and helpful in relieving arthritis pain. It is also a great source of omega-3 fatty acids, which help in lubricating joints and which help in relieving joint pains.

It includes phytosterols, plant hormones such as campesterol, beta-sitosterol, and stigmasterol, which help keep inflammation under control.

3. Good For Heart

Avocados are a rich source of antioxidants and monounsaturated fats which help keep the heart healthy and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Its healthy fat can also help regulate LDL and HDL cholesterol levels, as well as blood triglycerides.

4. Good For Eyes

This fruit is full of antioxidants, which include lutein, a type of carotenoid that protect eyes and promotes healthy, youthful-looking skin, and hair.

Avocados comprise lutein and zeaxanthin, phytochemicals which can primarily be concentrated in the tissues in the eyes where they provide antioxidant safety to help reduce damage, which include from ultraviolet light.

5. benefits for weight loss

Its high fibre content makes you shed some pound also. 100 grams of avocado contains 7 grams of fibre.

Fibre takes the longest to process. It prompts the sentiment of completion, which keeps you from gorging later. It is exceptionally low on carbs as well, which additionally enhance weight reduction.

Health benefits of baking soda

Baking soda is also known as sodium bicarbonate. Normally baking soda is used in cooking but it can also be used in our daily life for various health benefits.

Helps in sunburn

Our skin is affected by sun in the summer season. Our body parts that are not covered by clothes like hand, neck, face, etc are affected by the sunburn most.

Instead of using costly chemical cream, you can treat this with the help of baking soda.

Mix baking soda with water and apply it to the affected areas. Keep it for 15 minutes and then wash.


If you are not willing to spend money on pedicure then baking soda is there for you. For this, take a bucket of water and pour a half tablespoon of baking soda in it.

Put your feet in this water for 30 minutes. Take out your feet after 30 minutes. You can rub them gently if needed. Now wash them with normal water and apply moisturizer.

This will give a shine to your feet. also, it is very helpful in cracked heels.

Remove yellow colour of teeth

If you have yellow teeth then make a paste of baking soda and water. Rub this mixture on your teeth for 3 to 4 minutes with the help of toothbrush.

It breaks the bond between plaque and outer covering of teeth and gives you whiter teeth.

keep in mind that you can use this only twice a week. Do not use this more than 2 times a week as it can cause damage to your gums.

For beautiful hands

Many housewives have the problem of rough hands. Daily housework causes hand skin crack and dry.

Mix baking soda in coconut oil and apply to the inner and outer skin of hands. It will cure hardness and give you soft hand skin.

Cure pimples

If you have pimples all on your face then don’t worry. Take a tablespoon of baking soda and a tablespoon of water.

Make a thick paste of it and apply to your face. It will cure not only pimples but also pimple marks.

Helps in stomach ache

Overeating and junk foods can cause stomach ache. When we consume baking soda, it neutralises the stomach acid and reduces stomach ache.

Indigestion occurs when the contents of the stomach, which are acidic, start to move up the oesophagus, causing burning pain.

Bicarbonate of soda, otherwise known as baking soda, is helpful because it is alkaline, so it can neutralise the stomach acid.

Dissolve a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water and drink it. This can be used as an occasional treatment.

Can be used as mouthwash

Baking soda can also be used as a mouthwash. It kills the bacteria present in the mouth and removes bad odour.

This is because baking soda has antibacterial properties. It makes a basic nature environment in your mouth and prevents the bacterias to develop.

For this, mix half teaspoon of baking soda in half lukewarm glass of water. Now use this water as a normal mouthwash.

A toothbrush cannot reach every corner of your mouth but water can. So this is very helpful after brushing your teeth. It also prevents teeth and gum problems.

Cures mouth ulcer

You can wash your mouth with baking soda water until the ulcer has gone. For making baking soda water read the above passage.

Deodorant properties

Human sweat is odourless. Our sweat stinks when it is broken down by the bacteria and change into an acidic waste.

Baking soda reduces the acidity of this waste that make our sweat stinks less. You can apply some baking soda in your armpits to prevent the smell from sweat.

Remove smell from the fridge

Sometimes, we forget the fruits and vegetables after placing them in the fridge. After some days, they start to decompose and their stinking smell remains in the fridge even after you remove them from the fridge.

For this, wash your fridge with baking soda water. You can make baking soda water by mixing one tablespoon of baking soda in water. It will surely help.

If the smell is not gone yet then make a paste of baking soda and water and put it in the fridge for 2 or 3 days. It will soak all the smell from the fridge.

Simple life hacks for teeth whitening

Teeth whitening is all the rage at the moment, just look at your social media feed. It’s not a new fad, having a mouth full of pearly whites has been something people have have chased for decades.

Tooth discolouration on the surface of your teeth is the result of everyday consumption of various food and drinks.

Various whitening toothpaste in the market have peroxide in it and can cause sensitivity.

This article is about making your smile beautiful. Today I am going to share with you simple life hacks to whiten your teeth like a pearl.

This will take only 5 minutes. I have personally tried it numerous times and it works like magic. The best thing about it is that even the laziest person can do it.

It is 100 percent natural and it has no side effect.

By using strawberries

We need only one ingredient to do this. And that ingredient is strawberry.

All you have to do is make a paste of a strawberry by crushing it with a spoon. Now put some paste on your toothpaste and brush like you do every day.

Remind that this paste reaches every corner of your teeth. You will get a result from the first time.
if you do it regular 5 days.

It is enough to give you milky white teeth for the next 2 to 3 months.

It is not magic. There is science behind it.

Strawberries contain naturally Malic acid which is the main reason for teeth whitening.

If you go to a professional, he’ll also use malic acid and strawberries are abundant with malic acid.

It is so effective that if you can feel the difference just by eating some strawberries.

There are may teeth whitening hacks like rubbing a banana peel on teeth, brushing your teeth with a mixture of lemon and baking soda, but this hack has no comparison. It is easy and best of all.

You can use this strawberry paste 4 to 5 days. After that throw it and take a fresh strawberry. It is a pocket efficient method as compared to other trending in the market.

Method 2

In this method, we use salt, turmeric and mustard oil. it is the second best method for teeth whitening after strawberry.

Take half teaspoon of salt, one-fourth teaspoon of turmeric, and one teaspoon of mustard oil. Mix this until the paste forms.

Now put this paste on your toothbrush and brush with it for 5 minutes. This will make your teeth white and improve gum health.

Salt is antibacterial and also works as a good scrub.Mustard oil also helps to strengthen the bond between your teeth and gums.

Neglected gums leads to gum disease, or as it’s officially known, Gingivitis. so follow this method if you have gum problems.

5 Lifestyle Hacks For Stronger Digestive System

It doesn’t matter what you ate before but adapting these lifestyle changes can surely give a boost to your digestive system.


Photo by Jana Sabeth on Unsplash

Water is a panacea for digestive problems. It cleans the colon and removes toxins and solid waste from your body.

Keep a handy water bottle with you always. Whenever you feel like drinking something, drink water.

All of the organs, tissues and cells in your body require water for proper functioning. Water is a simple remedy for people who suffer from constipation.

After going several hours without a sip, a serving of water first thing can hydrate the body while aiding digestion and metabolism. Drinking enough water to stay hydrated is more important than whether it is warm or cold.

we should consume Water in between the meals, not with the meal. Keep a gap of at least 30 minutes before and after a meal.


Photo by Dan Gold on Unsplash

what we eat or what type of food we consume affects our digestive system most.

Processed, deep-fried, refined food or artificially flavored, sweetened foods stick in our intestine and slow the rate of digestion. On the other hand, fiber rich foods like oats, millets, whole wheat, semi brown rice, nuts fasten our digestion.

Probiotic foods like curd, buttermilk should also be a part of our meals. These foods contain good bacteria which is very necessary for our digestive health.

Also, make seasonal fruits a part of your daily diet. They are high in digestive enzymes and antioxidants. Apple, papaya, pineapple, guava, etc are the best fruit to consume. Also eat a full plate of salads before lunch.


Exercise increases the blood circulation in our body. Even low-level activity like walking is very beneficial.

High intensity interval training (HIIT) has gained popularity as a quick and effective way to exercise. It offers many of the same health benefits as other types of exercise.

Its short duration can make it a very practical and effective choice for people who find it difficult to commit to longer sessions. You can rest and do light exercise between intense exercise sessions.

  • Exercise decreases body mass index (BMI)
  • Lower resting heart rate
  • Lower pulse pressure
  • Decreased body weight
  • Improved mental health scores
  • Reduced levels of depression and social avoidance.


Vajra asana or Thunderbolt pose is the best yogic pose for the digestive system. When we sit on a thunderbolt pose, blood flow increases towards our stomach.

It is the only pose that we can do even after a meal. So spare 3 to 5 minutes post-meal to sit in this pose.

If you’re pregnant, ask your doctor about Vajrasana. Some feel that we should avoide it. Others feel it’s OK if you keep your knees apart to avoid stressing your abdomen.

Your doctor is familiar with your situation and can give you a personalized recommendation.

Proper chewing of food

Proper chewing of food is the most important and most ignored lifestyle change. Ask yourself, how many times do you chew one bite of food?

In today’s busy lifestyle, we won’t give proper time to chew the food. About 50 percent of digestion takes place in the mouth only. Important enzymes for digestion are present in saliva.

Ideally, we should chew one bite of food 32 times. Almost half the task of digestion is complete here if we chew the food properly.

Practice these steps in your daily routine and see the result within a week.